Indo-USA relations received strategic content in the early 1960s. The rise of the People`s Republic of China has worried policymakers in Washington. The Chinese affirmation in Tibet, its role in the Korean War and other such acts concerned Washington. When relations between India and China were inflamed in the late 1950s, the Americans found a golden opportunity to take advantage of this situation to promote India to counterbalance China.  But any one-dimensional alliance will necessarily be short-lived, and this alliance was no exception to this general rule. When China no longer gave American politicians headaches in the late 1960s, this one-dimensional alliance disappeared into airspace. Britain and France had territories in North and South America, as well as in the Indian subcontinent. In 1778, when France declared war on Britain, fighting broke out between the British and French colonies in India.  This marked the beginning of the Second Anglo-Mysore War. Hyder Ali, the sultan of the kingdom of Mysore, allied himself with the French. From 1780 to 1783, Franco-Mysorean troops fought in several campaigns against the British in western and southern India, in several places such as Mahé and Mangalore.
Sectarian violence during the 2002 Gujarat riots damaged relations between the US government and Narendra Modi, then Prime Minister of Gujarat. Human rights defenders have accused Modi of promoting anti-Muslim violence. In its 2002 report, the New York-based NGO Human Rights Watch directly implicated Gujarat officials in violence against Muslims.  India, with mixed results, is calling for reforms at the United Nations and the World Trade Organization. India`s bid for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council is currently supported by several countries, including Russia, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, Brazil, african union countries, the United States (but not China). In 2005, the United States signed a nuclear cooperation agreement with India, although it is not an integral part of the Non-Proliferation Treaty. The United States agreed that India`s record on nuclear non-proliferation was exceptional and persuaded other members of the Nuclear Suppliers Group to sign similar agreements with India. The signing of LEMOA was in itself a confirmation of mutual trust between the two military personnel and its application will strengthen confidence.