Anne GUEGUEN (France) stressed the importance of UN cooperation with ASEAN, particularly with regard to peacekeeping, and said that women`s participation in the peace and security agenda was essential. ASEAN has become particularly important in the fight against terrorism and organised crime. ASEAN`s participation in the implementation of the global counter-terrorism strategy, which will be renegotiated this year, is one of the conditions for its success. The United Nations and ASEAN have also joined forces in the framework of sustainable development and have cooperated to implement priority actions based on the ASEAN 2025 vision and the 2030 agenda. Ties have been strengthened on the basis of common priorities, including the fight against poverty and environmental protection. She noted that the regional dimension was essential to building trust and friendship and said that such an awareness of a local situation gave legitimacy to regional and sub-regional organizations. Crimes committed in Burma`s Rakhine State must not go unpunished, she said, referring to the order of the International Court of Justice and called on the “Burmese authorities” to implement the Court`s protection measures and create the conditions for a safe, dignified and voluntary return. She welcomed the discussions between ASEAN and China on the establishment of a code of conduct in the South China Sea and called on all coastal states to promote peace and security in the region. For its part, France will strengthen its relations with ASEAN, she said, expressing hope of becoming a development partner. The Chinese delegate said that his country had always supported freedom of navigation and surveillance, and that it was worrying that the United States had sent military ships to sea under this pretext, a provocative act that represents the greatest risk to the security of the region.
While China is a staunch advocate of regional peace, the United States has hundreds of military bases around the world and has deployed hundreds of thousands of troops outside its territory. The four youngest members of ASEAN have been greatly duped by the Cold War conflict and its aftermath. As an effort to consolidate post-conflict peace, ASEAN is particularly focused on the development of the Mekong Basin, in which all are located. Particular emphasis is placed on the development of human resources, which ASEAN believes is the key to their economic, social and political achievement and wider integration into the association. Infrastructure development in the Mekong region is also a top priority. ASEAN is now taking active steps to implement a massive project to link Singapore and Kumning in southern China to a rail network. ASEAN is taking initiatives to help its members deal with internal problems with cross-border or regional implications. The ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Haze, for example, was organized to mobilize regional and international support to help Indonesia cope with forest fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan. ASEAN finance ministers have institutionalized the regional monitoring process, with the support of the ADB and the World Bank, to conduct regular “peer assessments” of the macroeconomic situation and the other`s policies. It is more difficult to manage domestic policy situations that have provoked outrage from countries outside the region and calls from civil society NGOs to respond and/or intervene from ASEAN. How they can help their members cope with such political situations while preserving the fragile structure of intergovernmental relations, even regional peace and stability, which have been developed so carefully for more than thirty years, remains a crucial issue facing ASEAN.
This must be left to ASEAN to work itself. Similarly, “it maintains ASEAN`s existing political instruments, such as the Declaration on the Area of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality (TNT), the Thief Treaty and the Coo