In July 2015, conservative right-wing activist Larry Klayman filed a complaint against Obama and members of Congress in federal court in West Palm Beach, Florida, saying the agreement should be seen as a treaty requiring Senate ratification.   Klayman`s appeal was dismissed in September 2015 for failure to apply.  Prior to this agreement, Iran`s eruption period — or the time it would have taken Iran to collect enough fissile material to make a weapon — was only two to three months. Today, because of the Iran agreement, it would take 12 months or more. And with the unprecedented surveillance and access that this agreement is putting in place, we will know and the sanctions will come into force. The agreement between the EU and Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is the culmination of 20 months of “work-intensive” negotiations.   18 October 2015: Iran informs the IAEA that it will provisionally implement its additional protocol and amended code 3.1 on the implementation date in its safeguard agreement. February 27, 2005: Russia and Iran reach an agreement on Russia`s supply of nuclear fuel, which would supply fuel to the Bushehr reactor it built and return spent fuel to Iran. The aim of the agreement is to prevent Iran from extracting plutonium for nuclear weapons from spent nuclear fuel. The agreement followed the Joint Action Plan (JPA), an interim agreement between the P5-1 powers and Iran, reached in Geneva on 24 November 2013. The Geneva agreement was an interim agreement in which Iran agreed to reduce part of its nuclear program in exchange for the exemption of certain sanctions. This came into effect on January 20, 2014.  The parties agreed to extend their talks with an initial extension on 24 November 2014 and a second extension period set for 1 July 2015. June 6, 2006: China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States (the P5-1 refers to the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and Germany) propose to Iran a framework agreement encouraging Iran to indefinitely halt its enrichment programme. December 3, 2007: The United States releases an unclassified summary of a new report on Iran`s nuclear program. The NIE says the secret service found “with great confidence” that Iran had stopped its nuclear weapons program in the fall of 2003 and noted with some confidence that the program had not resumed since mid-2007. The report defines Iran`s nuclear program as a “design and weapon work,” as well as a clandestine processing and enrichment of uranium. The NIE also stated that Iran was technically capable of producing enough highly enriched uranium for a nuclear weapon between 2010 and 2015. Nuclear physicists, the military, non-proliferation experts and more than 100 countries around the world have all expressed support for the nuclear deal with Iran because it is the best solution available to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon without taking military action. See below what they say: October 14, 2015: Iran`s Guardian Council ratifies the bill approved by Parliament and finalizes Iran`s internal review of the agreement. 14 July 2020: On the fifth anniversary of the JCPOA, Josep Borrell, EU foreign policy chief, publishes an article recalling the agreement and raising Iran`s concerns about Europe`s implementation of the agreement.
“After having already taken steps to protect our companies from US extraterritorial sanctions, we can do more in Europe to meet Iranian expectations of legitimate trade.” The United States and Iran sign the cooperation agreement on the civil use of atoms under President Dwight D.